Table of Contents

As India marks World Environment Day, the recent election results have stirred a sense of anticipation, coupled with skepticism, regarding the promised environmental reforms. While the electorate’s concern for sustainability is evident, there remains a palpable gap between political pledges and tangible action on the ground.
The ruling party’s manifesto paints a promising picture of ecological governance, rooted in traditional Indian wisdom and the principles of sustainable development. However, amidst the rhetoric of sacredness of nature and integration of ecological security into development, questions linger about the feasibility and sincerity of these commitments.
Outlined below are the key environmental reforms promised by the ruling party:
1. National Environment Policy: A comprehensive policy will be introduced, striking a balance between development needs and the preservation of natural resources, ensuring adherence to sustainable development principles.
2. Ministry for Ecological Security: The Ministry of Environment and Forests will be restructured into the Ministry for Ecological Security to prioritize environmental concerns at the highest levels of governance.
3. Sustainable City Development: Emphasis will be placed on urban planning, safe drinking water, waste management, and reducing resource consumption intensity to promote sustainable urban ecosystems.
4. Rivers and Groundwater Management: Robust strategies will be implemented to manage river waters and groundwater sources effectively, including pollution control measures and mandatory sewage treatment plants.
5. Environmental Education: Environmental studies will be integrated into educational curricula at all levels to instill a sense of reverence for nature and empower future generations to protect ecosystems.
6. Empowerment of Local Self-Governments: Local self-governments will be empowered to implement the National Environment Policy, ensuring community participation in environmental conservation efforts.
7. Technological Innovation: Investment in eco-friendly products, research, and development will drive a green industrial revolution, addressing pressing environmental challenges.
8. Protection of Indigenous Rights: Indigenous communities’ rights over forest resources and land will be safeguarded, with stringent regulations on hazardous waste imports and afforestation initiatives.
9. Ban on Import of Hazardous Chemical Wastes: Import of hazardous chemical wastes for recycling or dumping will be banned to prevent environmental degradation.
10. Reducing Non-Biodegradable Packaging: Efforts will be made to minimize the use of non-biodegradable materials for packaging by the consumer non-durable products industry.
11. Forest Conservation: Forest and grazing areas will be protected, and afforestation policies will be adopted within a given timeframe to prevent deforestation.
12. Afforestation Policies: Afforestation initiatives will be undertaken to convert degraded forests, wasteland, and marginal land into quality forests.
13. Protection of Marine Life: Exploitation of offshore resources, especially marine life, by large trawlers will be curtailed to preserve marine ecosystems.
14. Incentives for Eco-Friendly Products: Incentives will be provided to manufacturers of eco-friendly products to promote sustainable consumption.
15. Restrictions on Tourism-Related Projects: Tourism projects that disturb the environment will not be sanctioned to prevent environmental degradation.
16. Clean-Up of River Systems: Major efforts will be made to clean up river systems and other water bodies to restore their ecological balance.
17. Disaster Management: Machinery for prevention, integration, and management of national disasters will be developed to mitigate environmental risks.
18. Encouragement of Energy Conservation: Energy conserving techniques will be encouraged across all areas of production to reduce environmental impact.
19. Promotion of Environmentally Sound Practices: Environment-related issues and eco-technology will be promoted for application in agriculture, industry, and the services sector.
As India stands at the crossroads of environmental transformation, the gap between promises and implementation looms large. The onus lies not just on the government but also on civil society, academia, and the private sector to hold policymakers accountable and ensure that environmental sustainability remains a top priority.
On World Environment Day, India must move beyond mere symbolism and rhetoric to chart a path towards tangible environmental progress. The road ahead is fraught with challenges, but it is also paved with opportunities to build a greener, more resilient future for generations to come.

Previous articleCement company achieves 100+ million cubic meters of water conservation in FY 24